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   Agro Forestry

The Agro-forestry projects are located in the back hill area of the Agriculture Research Station. There are basically eight projects where visitors can get to see and learn about Agro-forestry. They are the Bamboo Garden, Palm Garden, Ginger collection, Rattan Plot, Medicinal Trees Plot, Native Fruit Plot, Man Made Forest and the Recreational Forest. Visitors are advised to contact the Park Management in advance if they wish to visit this part of the Park.


This project is to provide visitors with information on the usefulness of bamboos. There are two sections, one of which is the native or naturalized species while the other is on the more recently introduced species, including some ornamental ones. You will also be able to see the “Guadua” bamboo (Guadua angustifolia) introduced from South America through Hawaii. It is considered to be the best (strongest) bamboos in the world of construction, it is also durable and pest resistant.

Palm Garden

The Palm Garden was an introduction and collection of various native and introduced species of palms. This garden is divided into three sections, the useful Native Palm, Introduced Palm and Ornamental Palm. Useful native palm include the Sago palm (Eugeissona utilis), Sugar palm (Arenga pinnata) and two species of “nibong” palms (Oncosperma tigillarium and O. horridum). Introduced palms such as Oil Palm, Peach Palm and many other ornamental palms. Many of the species are used for food (starch, sugar and vegetables), some are used for construction, e.g. the “Nibong” palm.

Ginger Garden

This collection is established within the palms in a valley. Its cover the order of Zingeberales, which includes Zingeberaceae. The collection is much-expended version of Zingeberales collection in the Parh HQ Ornamental Gardens. The main collection is of native gingers, with almost more than 100 species. Among the native species are “Tuhau”or Etlingera punicea, Burbidgia stenantha, Etlingera pubscens and many more.

The in introduced Zingeberales naturalized species such as the culinary ginger (Zingiber officinale), turmeric (Curcuma domestica) or “Kunyit” and cardamoms are also planted in this in the collection. There is also a section covering the ornamental Zingiberales for the cut flower industry including the Costaceae and the Heliconiaceae families.

Rattan Plot

This plot is devoted to the rattans, mainly those that are commercial species. As they are climbers, the plot was establish

in secondary forests where they can climb up the trees. Both native and introduced species are planted here.

Man Made Forest

The objective of this Man-made Forest is to demonstrate to visitors the great diversity of plant species useful to man that are found in our Borneo forests. It covers the timber trees, the spice trees, medicinal herbs, bamboos, palm, ornamental flowering shrubs, native orchid, plants of Horticultural potential and many food plants. The Borneo Iron wood tree (Eusideroxylon zwageri) and the majestic “Kayu Raja” or “Mengaris” (Compassia excelsa), home to the migrating Apis dorsata honeybees, are all found here. Visitors may see more than ten colonies of Bee hanging on branches of the 50 meters tall “Mengaris” tree. The Park provided a Bee watching platform at a nearby hill for the Bee researcher to have a closer look at this Bee.

Recreation Forest

This is a largely secondary forest, with nearly 5 km of nature trails laid out. The trail passes over an observation hill (ca 100 m high) where you can rest in a shelter. The path are graveled most of the way and concreted of hardwood in steps in steep areas. Details of trails – see Jungle Trekking. Interesting plants to be seen along this trail are “Pisang-pisang” (Uvaria grandiflora), the Spider Orchid (Arachnis flos-aeris) and the huge and very rare tree of the species Glannia philippinensis (Family : Sapindaceae).
Native Fruit

Planted with only the fruit which is native to this region like Pangi (Pangium Edule), Durian (Durio Oxleyanus), and Takob-akob
(Garcinia Parrifolia). Some of the fruit are wildly from the jungle like Dabai (Canarium Odontophyllum), Peruput (Artocarpus Rigidus) and Timakon (Artocarpus Ianceifolia).

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